Advocacy

LGBTQ Children and Youth in Care

Philosophy NACAC believes children and youth in the foster care system who are—or who are perceived to be—lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender*, and questioning (LGBTQ) deserve loving and permanent families and should be afforded the same rights, services, and protections as those who are [or are perceived to be] heterosexual. Statistics show that, at a minimum… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Native and Aboriginal Children in Foster Care, Guardianship, and Adoption

Philosophy NACAC recognizes that children and youth of Native American tribes, First Nations bands, and recognized aboriginal communities have an inherent right to continued and positive contact with their tribe or band. Such contact is in the child’s best interest. All child protection and child welfare decisions should be made by officials of tribes, bands… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Open Adoption

Philosophy NACAC believes that openness is in the best interest of adopted persons. Open adoptions are one effective way to reduce the complications that adoptees face. By definition, adopted children are connected to both the family into which they were born and the family into which they have been adopted. Since those two families now… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Orphanages

Philosophy NACAC believes, and decades of research affirm, that children and youth fare better in families than in orphanages. Families are best suited to advocate for their children, teach them about culture, care for them when they are sick, and support them into adulthood. In families, children learn family skills, including how to parent the… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Permanency for Older Youth

Philosophy NACAC believes that every child and youth—regardless of age, special needs, or length of time in foster care—has a right to a permanent, legal connection to a caring family. The child welfare system has an ethical obligation to ensure that no child or youth leaves foster care without a real opportunity to achieve permanency… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Permanency Planning/Continuity of Relationships

Philosophy NACAC recognizes that each child is an individual and therefore each situation requires careful evaluation, looking at the best interests of each child. In all placements, consideration of a child’s well-being must be paramount. The family should be selected based on the child’s needs and acknowledgment that age, race, and cultural considerations are necessarily… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Post-Adoption Support

Philosophy NACAC recognizes that adoption creates a dynamic of its own that requires the commitment of families and communities alike. Children and youth adopted from foster care or from other countries have often experienced abuse, neglect, and abandonment, which may lead to unique post-adoption needs. In addition, throughout an adopted child’s life, there are expected… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Pre-Placement/Pre-Adoption Issues

Philosophy NACAC recognizes that there is a specific and large component of the adoption process known as “pre-placement” or “pre-adoption,” which covers the time period from the earliest steps to the date of placement. Effective pre-adoption practices are the foundation of building strong and successful permanent families. In all types of adoption, policy and practice… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Privatization

Philosophy States, provinces, territories, and tribes have a fundamental responsibility, which must never be relinquished, to ensure that children and youth in foster care are safe and secure and find permanent families as quickly as possible. While these government entities may choose to contract with private organizations to enhance services to foster children and their… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Race/Ethnic Background and Child Welfare

Philosophy It has long been recognized that children of racial and ethnic minority populations are disproportionately represented in the child welfare system in the United States and Canada. What is less clear are the causes of this disproportionality. NACAC believes that it is the responsibility of all professionals in the child welfare system to scrutinize… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Recruitment of Permanent Families

Philosophy NACAC believes that every child and youth has a right to a permanent family, and that states, provinces, counties, tribes, and placing agencies have a responsibility to seek permanent families for all children and youth, including adolescents who will not return to their birth families. Recruitment efforts should include seeking kin and foster parents… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Safe Havens

Philosophy In the United States, every state now has legislation establishing so-called “safe havens” where parents can anonymously and legally abandon infants or even older children—without question or punishment. While NACAC strongly supports policies and practices that protect the safety and health of all children and youth, we do not believe that safe haven legislation… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Siblings in Foster Care and Adoption

Philosophy In foster care and adoption, too many siblings are needlessly separated from one another. Over the years, no bond is typically longer, stronger, or more comforting than that between siblings. Especially when children and youth have been separated from other birth family members, the connection between siblings is critically important to their emotional health… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Subsidized Guardianship

Philosophy Federal, state, provincial, territorial, and tribal governments have a responsibility to ensure the safety and security of all children and youth who have been in the care of the government through the public foster care system. As a result, all foster children and youth in the guardianship of a public agency who are placed… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Support for Youth Aging Out of Care

Philosophy NACAC believes that every child and youth—regardless of age, special needs, or length of time in foster care—has a right to a permanent, legal connection to a caring family. A permanent legal family should be the ultimate goal for every child and youth, as outlined in NACAC’s position statements on Permanency for Older Children… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Allegations of Abuse

Philosophy Foster, adoptive, and kinship families may be vulnerable to allegations of abuse. For these families, child welfare authorities and agencies have an obligation to ensure the safety of children for whom they have assumed responsibility. When allegations are made, agencies must keep the child or youth’s best interests in mind and act quickly, fairly… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Adoption Disruption and Dissolution

Philosophy In special needs adoption today, disruptions and dissolutions do occur; therefore, adoptive placement should be done carefully and thoughtfully. (An adoption disruption is the end of an adoption placement that has not yet been finalized. An adoption dissolution is the end of an adoption after finalization.) Disruptions and dissolutions are hard on children and… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Adoption Assistance

Philosophy Federal, state, tribal, provincial, and territorial governments have a responsibility to ensure the safety and security of all children and youth who have been in the guardianship of the government through the foster care system (hereafter referred to as foster children and youth or children and youth adopted from foster care). All foster children… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Access to Trauma-Informed Care

Philosophy Many adopted children and youth have experienced trauma in their young lives—be it related to abuse, neglect, exposure to domestic or community violence, or loss of birth family. Often, the prolonged trauma facing a child who enters foster care due to ongoing neglect or abuse can have a greater impact than a single traumatic… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions

Access to Records

Philosophy NACAC believes that every adopted person has the right, at the age of majority or legal emancipation, to receive personal information about his or her birth, foster, and adoption history, including medical information, and educational and social history. NACAC supports efforts of adoptees to have access to information about and connections with their birth… Read more

Categories: Advocacy, Positions
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The North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC) supports, educates, inspires, and advocates so adoptive families thrive and every child in foster care has a permanent, safe, loving family.

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The North American Council on Adoptable Children