Adoption Fact Sheets
NACAC produced the following adoption fact sheets for the State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC) to help inform adoption community members and adoption advocates. The fact sheets, derived mostly from 2012 AFCARS data, have information about the number of waiting children, the length of time children spend in care, the race of waiting and adopted children, types of exits from foster care, Title IV-E payments, and more.
To download a PDF of your state's fact sheet, click on the state on the map or click on the state name below. See below for sources and notes on specific data points.
Unless otherwise noted, these fact sheets are based on data made available, with permission, by the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) were originally collected by the Children’s Bureau. The collector of the original data, SPARC, the Archive, Cornell University and their agents or employees bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.
When used, data on race of a state’s child population is from the 2012 Children’s Bureau Child Welfare Report Outcomes data center at http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview.
For some states, the percentage of children adopted from foster care who were receiving Title IV-E federal adoption assistance in 2012 was taken from Federal, State, and Local Spending to Address Child Abuse and Neglect in SFY 2012 report by Child Trends.
Notes on Specific Variables
Length of Stays
AFCARS defines waiting children as children in foster care ages 0 to 17 who either have a case goal of adoption or whose parental rights have been terminated. Youth who are 16 and 17 who have a goal of emancipation are not considered to be waiting children.
For adopted children, the length of stay is the lifetime length of stay for those children who have had only one or two episodes in foster care, which includes about 94 percent of the children. For waiting children, the length of stay is for the most recent foster care episode.
When we used AFCARS data to report Title IV-E eligibility (which we did in the majority of the sheets), children were counted as IV-E eligible if a IV-E payment was made on their behalf during the reporting period for waiting children, and at adoption for adopted children. Some children who do not receive a payment in this time frame may still be IV-E eligible. For the states using Child Trends’ IV-E data, the percentage is based on the state’s report.
Prior Relationship of Adoptive Parent
Adoptive parent(s) can be counted in four categories—stepparent, other relative, foster parent, and non-relative. Although some states count parents in more than one category, we requested the data from Archive to be non-duplicative so that a relative who is also a foster parent is reported as a relative. When states’ data appeared to be inaccurate (for example, if all or almost all adoptions were by non-related foster parents or there were no relative adoptions), we omitted this data from the fact sheet.