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Adoption Fact Sheets

NACAC produced the following adoption fact sheets for the State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC) to help inform adoption community members and adoption advocates. The fact sheets, derived mostly from 2011 AFCARS data, have information about the number of waiting children, the length of time children spend in care, the race of waiting and adopted children, types of exits from foster care, Title IV-E payments, and more.

To download a PDF of your state's fact sheet, click on the state on the map or click on the state name below. See below for sources and notes on specific data points.

Alabama

Illinois

Montana

Puerto Rico

Alaska

Indiana

Nebraska Rhode Island

Arizona

Iowa

Nevada

South Carolina

Arkansas

Kansas

New Hampshire

South Dakota

California

Kentucky

New Jersey

Tennessee

Colorado

Louisiana

New Mexico

Texas

Connecticut

Maine

New York

Utah

Delaware

Maryland

North Carolina

Vermont

Dist. of Columbia

Massachusetts

North Dakota

Virginia

Florida

Michigan

Ohio

Washington

Georgia

Minnesota

Oklahoma

West Virginia

Hawaii

Mississippi

Oregon

Wisconsin

Idaho

Missouri

Pennsylvania

Wyoming

Source

NACAC prepared these fact sheets using data made available, with permission, by the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) were originally collected by the Children’s Bureau. NACAC’s work was funded by SPARC. The collector of the original data, SPARC, the Archive, Cornell University and their agents or employees bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.
 
When used, data on race of a state’s child population is from the 2011 Children’s Bureau Child Welfare Report Outcomes data center at http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview


Notes on Specific Variables

Waiting Children
AFCARS defines waiting children as foster children ages 0 to 17 who either have a case goal of adoption or whose parental rights have been terminated. Youth who are 16 and 17 who have a goal of emancipation are not considered to be waiting children.

Length of Stays
For adopted children, the length of stay is the lifetime length of stay for those children who have had only one or two episodes in foster care, which includes about 94 percent of the children. For waiting children, the length of stay is for the most recent foster care episode.
 
IV-E
In our fact sheets, children were counted as IV-E if a IV-E payment was made on their behalf during the reporting period for waiting children, and at adoption for adopted children. Some children who do not receive a payment in this timeframe may still be IV-E eligible.
 
Prior Relationship of Adoptive Parent
Adoptive parent(s) can be counted in four categories—stepparent, other relative, foster parent, and non-relative. In the AFCARS state-by-state data from the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, some states count parents in more than one category, while others do not. The data reported on the Children’s Bureau website (http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/prior-relation-2011) does not duplicate categories and was our source for this variable on most states’ fact sheets. In some cases, however, the data did not seem accurate (all adoptions were by foster parents, for example) so we omitted the variable for that particular state.

North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC)
970 Raymond Avenue, Suite 106
St. Paul, MN 55114
phone: 651-644-3036
fax: 651-644-9848
e-mail: info@nacac.org
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